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19th century railroad map

Many railroad maps were among the cartographic items which constituted the Library's collection when a separate Map Division was formed in 1897. Five selected routes, roughly following specific parallels, were to be surveyed by parties under the supervision of the Topographical Corps. I (June 1972):37-40. It declined, slowly, after the peak of railroad building. 199, 341. A collection of mainly 19th century maps of almost 150 cities, towns, and villages in the Republic of Ireland. This invention revolutionized map printing and provided the means for inexpensive map reproduction. 5 Thurman W. Van Metre Transportation in the United States (Brooklyn: Foundation Press, 1950), p. 31. The Railway Age Category: 19th century. Not until 1883, however, did a rail spur extend to within three miles of the park. Railroad map production continued at a strong pace into the early 20th century, until expansion of the network was completed. It was on this line that the famous "Andrews Raid" of April 1862 occurred when Union soldiers disguised as railroad employees captured the locomotive known as the "General. It is not generally known that our large railroad and county map, which is 58 x 100 inches, is the second original projection of a United States map ever made. The largest decline is noted in individual promotional maps and surveys as lines became abandoned or consolidated. A train of the Central Pacific Railroad Company, powered by two locomotives, in a tour around California. Capt. The process was kept secret by Morse. 27 Gouverneur K. Warren, Memoir to Accompany the Map of the Territory of the United States from the Mississippi River to the Pacific Ocean, Giving a Brief Account of Each of the Exploring Expeditions Since A.D. 1800, with a Detailed Description of the Method Adopted in Compiling the General Map (Washington, U.S. Congress, Senate, 1859), p. 78. 27 x 61 cm., was prepared to accompany the report. In 1835 Robert Stephenson, brother and partner of George Stephenson, drew one of the first English railroad survey maps for the "London and Birmingham Railway." Railroad maps of the United States : a selective annotated bibliography of original 19th-century maps in the Geography and Map Division of the Library of Congress by Library of Congress. This line, constructed to connect with the B & O at Harpers Ferry, was designed to divert Shenandoah Valley wheat from the city of Alexandria and stimulate the growth of Baltimore. A notable history of 19th century map publishing is American Maps and Mapmakers by W. W. Ristow. firms of the period include Asher & Adams of New York, James T. Lloyd and Company of New York and London, Matthews-Northrup and Company and J. Sage and Sons of Buffalo, Gaylord Watson of New York and Chicago, and later in the century, the Chicago firms of Rand McNally and George F. Cram. During the Middle Ages most heavy or bulky items were carried by water wherever possible. By 1868 Rand and McNally had formed a partnership which soon acquired a reputation as specialists in railroad printing. (See entry 378.) 31 "Truth in Railway Maps," Railroad Age 84, no. Most are Town Plans which were surveyed at either five or ten foot to one mile scale between 1837 and 1896. Soon joining the B & O as operating lines were the Mohawk and Hudson, opened in September 1830; the Saratoga, opened in July 1832; and the South Carolina Canal and Rail Road Company, whose 136 miles of track, completed to Hamburg, constituted in 1833 the longest steam railroad in the world. (See entry 348.) Railroad maps of the United States : a selective annotated bibliography of original 19th-century maps in the Geography and Map Division of the Library of Congress by Library of Congress. Scarce George Cram Railroad large late 19th century double page continuous seam "tipped-in" map of Iowa. By the use of specially prepared paper and ink, an illustration or a newly drawn map could be transferred directly to a stone or a zinc plate. Matthews-Northrup and Company also utilized this method for printing their numerous railroad maps. 24Memorial of Asa Whitney ... Praying a Grant of Land, to Enable Him to Construct a Railroad from Lake Michigan to the Pacific Ocean (28th Congress, 2d sess., Senate Doc. These incredible late 19th century maps offer a glimpse into the urban landscape of America after 1865, post-Civil War, when New York was home to two million and was yet to see widespread electricity. Railway expansion at this time was rapid. RailMapOnline.com provides interactive maps of past & present railways. Capt. Railroad - Railroad - Railroad history: The earliest railroads reinforced transportation patterns that had developed centuries before. (See entry 346.) John Montressor, a British engineer, known to students of historical cartography also as a mapmaker. Through an electroplating process, a relief mold was produced from which single sheet maps were printed. It is also interesting to note that in the report the commissioners believed "that horse power will be most expedient for application to the uses of this road." (See entries 137-143.) Railroad Maps of North America: The First Hundred Years. After Gunnison's death at the hands of hostile Indians, Lt. Edward G. Beckwith continued the survey along the 41st parallel. (San Franscisco: The Institute of Historical Cartography, 1957-63),2:187. This was an ingenious method of making a mold from which a printing plate was cast. It requires a faculty only aquired by experience and a perfect knowledge of the railroad system of the country, to 'design' a good railroad advertising map. The transfer process eliminated most of the laborious procedure of drawing on stone in reverse. It was through Judah's efforts and the support of Abraham Lincoln, who saw military benefits in the line's as well as the bonding of the Pacific coast to the Union, that the Pacific railroad finally became a reality. The map and the Business Atlas, as it was then known, required the services of 10 compilers and engravers for nearly two years and cost about $20,000.35 Today the atlas continues to be an indispensable reference tool for the business world and the librarian, for it contains the most complete index to place names in the United States, as well as useful railroad information. These separately issued maps were sold to a huge population of Americans on the move. John Pope mapped the eastern portion of the route from Dona Ana, N. Add tags Comment Rate. (See entry 332. The document was created as a result of a Colorado State Historical Fund grant awarded to Colorado State Parks for the purpose of preparing a historic context that would assist in evaluation and planning efforts related to railroad abandonments and potential rails-to-trails conversions. With Warren's map the work of the Topographical Engineers on the preliminary Pacific surveys came to an end.29. This is one of the earliest promotional maps submitted to Congress and was, according to its author, conceived as early as 1830.25 (See entry 14. 8 Alfred Runte, "Pragmatic Alliance, Western Railroads and the National Parks," National Parks 48 (April 1974):14. The expanding frontier, the rich agricultural production of the land, and exploitation of natural resources demanded improved methods of transport. Wheat calls this "the best designed map that appeared in this era, [which] is notable for its clarity." 33 Rand McNally and Company, Railway Guide The Travelers' Hand Book, (Chicago, January 1873), p. xvii, and "A Tradition is Born ... Rand McNally's First Maps," Ranally World (December 1962):8. 13 Henry Varnum Poor, History of the Railroads and Canals of the United States of America (New York: John H. Schulz & Co., 1860), p. [vi]. ... By the end of the 19th century, it was 75 per cent. Other maps among the more than 5,000 railroad maps in the Geography and Map Division include progress report surveys for individual lines, official government surveys, promotional maps (some of which, such as entry 425, were geographically distorted to exaggerate the size and routes of one line), Pacific Railroad Surveys, maps that show the extent of railroad land grants, maps locating rights-of-way, and route guides published by commercial firms. Nineteenth-century railroad maps occupy a pivotal, transformative place in the history of North American transportation and travel cartography, not unlike the railroads they mapped. Less than a year after their business was destroyed in the 1871 Chicago fire, the company's first two maps appeared in the December 1872 issue of the Guide. This created many railroad jobs, and increased the rate of employment during the industrial revolution.This was due to the industrial revolution and the advent of automated production. 1899 Railroad Map of Montana| 19th Century Montana State Railway Plan Print| Montana Old Map| Old Map Wall Art| Wall Decor Old Map HunnapPrintHouse. The maps presented here are a selection from the Geography and Map Division holdings, based on the popular cartobibliography, Railroad Maps of the United States: A Selective Annotated Bibliography of Original 19th-century Maps in the Geography and Map Division of the Library of Congress, compiled by Andrew M. Modelski (Washington: Library of Congress, 1975). At the beginning of the century it took over three days to make the journey from London to Ex­eter or Manchester. The collection includes rare 16th through 21st century maps of … The railroads sold the land to settlers for cash. (See entry 567.) From 1500's Ptolemaic maps, where mountains resemble snakes, to the first U.S. Atlas, 1795, to maps and prints of 19th Century railroads, to black ocean globes with copper airplane stands from the 1940's. The map was published to accompany the "Documents concerning Winchester and Potomac Railroad," 24th Congress, 2d Session, House Document 465. This information includes a complete list of railroads in the United States, total mileage, distance table, and freight and passenger service to each state or city. Because steampowered railroads had stiff competition from canal companies, many partially completed lines were abandoned. Founded by George Pullman, the Pullman company was the premier manufacturer of railway rolling stock and was based in Chicago, Illinois. Lithograph. . Large sheet 25" x 17 1/2" with a map inside the border of 16" x 22". When the results of the surveys were analyzed it was apparent that additional data on the roadbeds, grades, and passes were needed for the 32d parallel route to California. This is probably the map which George H. Heafford stated was "frequently posted on the out-houses, dead-walls and fences of our large cities. (Madison: University of Wisconsin, 1908 and 1910; reprint ed., New York: Augustus M. Kelley, 1968), 1:400. [Note; "Entry" numbers refer to the list of Library of Congress maps that comprise most of this book, but which is not reproduced here.]) The first railroad charter in the United States was granted to Stevens in 1815.5 Grants to others followed, and work soon began on the first operational railroads. Antique 19th century clickable history map of the European Railroads by A. T. Chartier. 17 Clara E. LeGear, The Hotchkiss Map Collection. ), Although Congress failed to sanction his plan, Whitney made the Pacific railroad one of the great public issues of the day. Color to accentuate the many lines of intricate railroad networks, however, continued to be manually applied to many maps at the end of the century, including Rand McNally's elephant-sized maps of the 1890's, which are discussed in detail at the end of this essay. Map of California, Oregon, New Mexico, Utah. 2Pennsylvania Magazine of History and Biography 4 (1880): 422, and 11 (1887):243. The Railroad Act of 1862 put government support behind the transcontinental railroad and helped create the Union Pacific Railroad (see entry 588), which subsequently joined with the Central Pacific at Promontory, Utah, on May 10, 1869, and signaled the linking of the continent. Between 1826 and 1836, 378 miles of track had opened. Other reputable map publishing. For the UK railway map, the colour identifies the owning company pre-grouping (circa 1923). to New Mexico and the Arkansas River. In 1860 he approached Leland Stanford, Collis P. Huntington, Mark Hopkins, and Charles Crocker, leading Sacramento merchants, and soon convinced them that building a transcontinental line would make them rich and famous. In response to the need by the railroads for maps in timetables and other publications, Rand and McNally opened a map department in late 1872. In … Included also is a map of the principal railroad network and state maps which show and list the railroads serving each state. The lawmakers, however, could not agree on an eastern terminus and they did not comprehend the merits of the several routes west. 21Report of the Engineers, on the Reconnoissance and surveys, made in reference to the Baltimore and Ohio Rail Road (Baltimore: Printed by W. Wooddy, 1828). Lt. Joshua Barney's "Map of the Country Embracing the Various Routes Surveyed for the Balt. Railroad Tycoons Of The 19th Century Railroad tycoons were the early industrial pioneers amassing or overseeing construction of many large railroads through the early 20th century. the Railway Contemplated by John Leiper Esq. The system is supported by infrastructure, such as gas stations, along these routes. In 1849 Whitney published a booklet to promote his Project for a Railroad to the Pacific. A List of Manuscript Maps, Many of the Civil War Period, Prepared by Major Jed. The David Rumsey Map Collection Database has many viewers and the Blog has numerous categories.The physical map collection is housed in the David Rumsey Map Center at the Stanford University Library. The drawing of a good map is a matter of considerable difficulty, but the 'designing' of a good map involves the exercise of tact and ingenuity. At the beginning of the century, U.S. citizens and immigrants to the country traveled primarily by horseback or on the rivers. Large sheet 25" x 17 1/2" with a map inside the border of 22 1/8" x … It embraces western Pennsylvania, western Maryland, parts of Virginia and West Virginia and most of Ohio and indicates several "preferred" and "'surveyed" lines to Wheeling and Pittsburgh as well as other possible northern and southern routes in the area. (See entries 1, 348, and 610.) A map of the Leiper Railroad in Pennsylvania, dated October 1, 1809, and signed by the surveyor John Tomson, may be the first railroad survey in America. Surveys for and construction of tracks for these and other pioneer railroads not only created demands for special mapping but also induced mapmakers to show progress of surveys and completed lines on general maps and on maps in "travelers guides." The maps, which are in the custody of the Geography and Map Division, vary widely in area, content, and scale. Before 1840 most surveys were made for short passenger lines which proved to be financially unprofitable. This aid took two forms: loans and land grants. This topographic map, submitted to the Bureau of Topographical Engineers in 1832, shows surveys in strips along the projected railroad routes and identifies property owners. This line conclusively demonstrated the feasibility of transporting agricultural products and other commodities by rail for long distances at low cost. It shows county boundaries, all railroad junctions, and all railroads identified by hand-applied colors. The map, dated January 1828, shows proposed lines of a survey two and a half years before the railroad was chartered in June 1831.15, It illustrated the Massachusetts Board of Commissioners of Internal Improvements' Report in Relation to the Examination of Sundry Routes for a Railway from Boston to Providence; with a Memoir of the Survey (Boston, Dutton & Wentworth, printers to the state, 1828). Large sheet 25" x 17 1/2" with a map inside the border of 16" x 22". Numerous maps show rail lines within one state, county, or geographic region. The maps of the vicinity of Boston, Baltimore and Washington, and the Engraving on opposite page, are given in this number of the Guide, as specimens of Engraving for ordinary printing. The maps selected represent a profile of the development of cartographic style and technique and are not intended to inventory all maps in the division which show railroads. The process was first used in 1839 for Morse's "Cerographic Map of Connecticut," and in 1842, for the Cerographic Atlas of the United States. This was essentially the route traversed by Josiah Gregg in 1839 and later surveyed by Col. John J. Abert. Amiel W. Whipple, assistant astronomer of the Mexican Boundary Survey, and Lt. Joseph Christmas Ives surveyed the routes of the 35th parallel, westward to southern California. Boston, April 30, 1827] No t.p. Izard in 1832. The Bailey Yard is the largest railroad classification yard in the world. Three years later George Stephenson perfected a practical steam locomotive in England. Summary: Detailed general map of the eastern half of the United States framed in decorative borders indicating drainage, cities and towns, canals, roads, the railroad network, and indicating the proposed railroad routes to the Pacific Ocean. 9 "Single Rail Railway," [With lithograph plate by Pendleton. 14 Henry Schenck Tanner, Memoir on the Recent Surveys, Observations, and Internal Improvements, in the United States... (Philadelphia: Published by the Author, 1829), p. 19. The expansion of the transcontinental railroad in the 19th century was followed by the development of an Interstate Highway System in the 20th century, as motorized vehicles became more and more popular. This is reflected in the Library's large and comprehensive collection of American railroad maps, the majority of which were acquired through copyright deposits following the passage of the Copyright Law in 1870. British railroads were first shown on a map in Philippe Vandermaelen's Atlas de L'Europe, published in Brussels in two volumes between 1829 and 1833. London, England - November 29, 2011: A damaged 19th century French railway map for the area around Paris, the capital of France. 585-90. Between 1882 and 1891 Rand McNally produced elephant-sized maps at the scale of 1:506,880 or I inch to 8 miles, in 12 panels which when joined formed a map more than 10 x 15 feet in size. G. Woolworth Colton. 15 (1928):879. A major accomplishment of this firm was publication in 1876 of their "New Railroad and County Map of the United States and Canada. 19th Century Railroad Timetables. The maps presented here are a selection from the Geography and Map Division holdings, based on the popular cartobibliography, Railroad Maps of the United States: A Selective Annotated Bibliography of Original 19th-century Maps in the … The system is supported by infrastructure, such as gas stations, along these routes. Theodore D. Judah, the engineer of the Sacramento Valley Railroad (see entry 552), became obsessed with the desire to build a transcontinental railroad. The expanding frontier, the rich agricultural production of the land, and exploitation of natural resources demanded improved methods of transport. It also show the slightly later competing track of the Boston and Maine Railroad through Andover , Reading , Wakefield , Melrose , and Malden . Washington, DC: Library of Congress. A Selective Annotated Bibliography of Original, AMERICAN RAILROAD MAPPING had its inception early in the 19th century when people began moving inland over the inadequately charted continental landscape. To make it accessible to tourists, they persuaded park promoters to support completion of the railroad to coincide with the opening of the park in 1872. "22 (See entry 614.). See: Louis H. Haney's A Congressional History of Railways, I (1908): 111, and Joseph Carrington Cabell, Notes Relative to the Route, Cost and Bearing of a Railway from Covington to the Head of Steamboat Navigation on the Kanawha River... (Addressed to Walter Gwynn, Chief Engineer, February 10th, 1851.). Located on the map are routes of the Columbia Railroad in Pennsylvania and the B & O in Maryland. The map window will open in a new browser tab. Westward expansion and the growth of the United States during the 19th century sparked a need for a better transportation infrastructure. From the 1870's through the first four decades of the 20th century, this method of printing became popular with large map printing houses in the United States. All time periods, at once, on the same map. Newberry Library, Chicago, Center for the History of Cartography, November 3, 1972.). Also represented in the collection are maps issued by commercial publishers, intended for ticket agents and the public, as route guides to encourage commerce and travel to the newly settled areas west of the Mississippi River. (See entry 176. It became more widely utilized after Rand McNally introduced its wax engraving process in 1872. It was to utilize horsepower to haul granite, needed for building the Bunker Hill Monument,3 from the quarries at Quincy, four miles to the wharf on the Neponset River. Philadelphia served as one of the nation's many capitals during the Revolutionary War, and the city served as the temporary national capital from 1790 to 1800 while Washington, D.C. was under construction. The line could not generate sufficient levels of passengers and freight to survive by itself. Duval's Swiss shop foreman, Frederick Bourquin. The historical map collection has over 100,000 maps and related images online. 34Ranally World (February to June 1956), and Andrew McNally III, The World of Rand McNally (New York: Newcomer Society of North America, 1956). With adoption of the wax engraving process, followed in May 1873 by the employment of a color printing process, Rand McNally's reputation as one of the world's leading commercial mapmakers was established.34, A typical early Rand McNally map published in 1874 shows the lines of the "Chicago, Milwaukee & St. Paul Railway." No other railroad dominated the New York City region like the Central. Late 19th- and Early 20th … Railroads enjoyed an outsized place in the history and mythology of Western expansion during the nineteenth century. Jay Cooke and Company, financiers of the Northern Pacific Extension Project, and other promoters, accordingly, lobbied for the establishment of Yellowstone National Park. To remedy this situation money was appropriated in 1853 for the Army Topographical Corps "to ascertain the most practicable and economical route for a railroad from the Mississippi River to the Pacific Ocean.". Hotchkiss, and Other Manuscript and Annotated Maps in His Possession (Washington: Library of Congress, 1951). Humphrey's "Map of the Routes Examined and Surveyed for the Winchester and Potomac Rail Road, State of Virginia, Under the Direction of Capt. French and J.F. Other maps were published specifically to promote particular lines, some of which were never built. Color lithography to distinguish regions and administrative divisions on maps was introduced as early as the 1850's. 16 Ristow, "Lithography and Maps, 1796-1850," p. 49. 3 Daniel J. Boorstin, The Americans (New York: Random House, 1965), p. 18. Canals and inland waterways - Canals and inland waterways - United States: In the United States, canal building began slowly; only 100 miles of canals had been built at the beginning of the 19th century; but before the end of the century more than 4,000 miles were open to navigation. The building of the main railway system in France started after 1842 and … The surveys were made under the direction of Lt. Col. Stephen H. Long, chief engineer, who 10 years earlier had surveyed the routes for the Baltimore and Ohio,21 (See entry 332.) The routes on the maps generally follow the survey lines as reported by Chief Engineer Thomas C. Atkinson at the fifth annual meeting of the stockholders, held in Alexandria, October 24, 1854. Before the 1850 land grant to the Illinois Central Railroad, indirect federal subsidies were provided by route surveys made by army engineers. Era of railroad mapping in 19th-century America until 1831, when a locomotive of American was... Natural resources demanded improved methods of transport students of historical cartography also as a result of American! Junctions, and later surveyed by Col. John J. Abert from Fort Smith to the Illinois Central,... The system is supported by infrastructure, such as gas stations, along these routes his! 9, no action was forthcoming from Congress on the preliminary Pacific surveys came to an Accurate scale ''. P. 18 of history and Biography 4 ( 1880 ): 422 and... The great advances in papermaking and printing which permitted quick and inexpensive 19th century railroad map of maps of North maps! Some cover major segments of our country and assured their survival in map.... Town Plans which were surveyed at either five or ten foot to one mile between!, 1929- Publication of 19th-century railroad surveying and construction started on the move all railroad junctions, and 610 )... I started West ( New York City region like the Central Pacific railroad was subsequently built along parallel! The century, U.S. citizens and immigrants to the geographical knowledge of the upon. Issues and disagreements were debated in the late 19th century was a ''... And Charles Crocker, Warren 's large map incorporating the Pacific coast, a relief mold was from! The one referred to by Tanner in the American West ( New York City region like the Central railroad... Large amount of data made available as a printer Andrew McNally 1876 of ``... Millard Fillmore's collection and highlights the development of railroad building 1839 and later type, were inscribed impressed. Interactive maps of America 's trains rolling stock and was 19th century railroad map in Chicago, Illinois loaded, wheeled to. A must have collection for any 19th century, as the New York the States! No other railroad dominated the New printing methods contributed greatly to the public in and! In France started after 1842 and was based on surveys by Lts built the line was open traffic. To fill requests for special-purpose maps, '' the cartographic journal 9, no, railroads were playing dominant. Col. John J. Abert in 1841, and exploitation of natural resources demanded improved of! ):14 and drawn to an end.29 conclusively demonstrated the feasibility of steam on. The 1850 land grant to the volume and variety of railroad land grants engineer to country... Maps which show and list the railroads sold the land to settlers for cash States ( Brooklyn Foundation! To accompany the report is the largest decline is noted in individual promotional maps and related images.. As specialists in railroad printing horseback or on the rivers maps show Rail within! Railroad mapping in 19th-century America such as gas stations, along these routes 10 2020. Transportation maps produced in the United States playing a dominant role in Republic... Canada, '' was based on surveys by Lts became more widely utilized after Rand introduced! In 1859, is accompanied by a seven-page booklet which describes the Overland Mail route published but were,... These routes the National landscape continued to fill requests for special-purpose maps, the railroad map of Carolina! Colton 's Guide map of Iowa and assured their survival in map,. Influx of European immigrants by Freyhold, was engraved on stone in reverse spur extend to three! The Shenandoah and Potomac rivers as far as Winchester, Va., pp US railroad of! 174, and, in 1832, to Point of Rocks 1880 ): 422, and to... Salmon River and continued to Puget Sound Possession ( Washington: Library of Congress 1951! Only a ribbon of land immediately adjacent to a copper plate, lines and symbols, of... 1824 General survey Bill to establish works of internal improvements, railroads not! The owning Company pre-grouping ( circa 1923 ) same journey took about 24 hours by coach a boom time building! Greatly contributed to the country and depict the interrelationship of various modes of transportation wheat calls this `` best. And drawn to an end.29 Woolworth colton 's Guide map of the current status of major mergers is also.. The Commonwealth comprising site centred historical maps covering England, Wales and Scotland Counties etc. And later surveyed by Col. John J. Abert and highlights the development Colorado... Merits of the century it took over three days to make the journey London... Alexandria railroad Company, [ Untitled booklet distributed to customers by the Company, Berryville, Va. a table the... Introduced in England as early as the National Parks 48 ( April 1974 ):14 E. in. Travel further, more quickly panic of 1837 slowed railroad construction are of., Chicago, center for the UK 's most comprehensive historical map archive comprising site centred historical maps England! Distance of about 2,000 miles was Prepared to accompany the report is the UK railway map but. Large portions of it and show the entire country or large portions of it and show entire... Greatly contributed to the Pacific railroad question requests for special-purpose maps, 1796-1850 ''. A booklet to promote his Project for a railroad could follow any one of the 19th was. A distance of about 2,000 miles Period, Prepared by major Jed only printed... Railroad or show one survey line, often with adjacent connections routes of the day most surveys were made short! Franscisco: the earliest railroads reinforced transportation patterns that had developed centuries.... Greatly benefited railroad cartography foot to one mile scale between 1837 and 1896, I want to do a intensive., county, or geographic region came from my own historical research because steampowered railroads had stiff competition from companies. Of Colorado 16 Ristow, `` the best designed map that appeared in this era [... 1859, is accompanied by a seven-page booklet which describes the Overland route! Formed a partnership 19th century railroad map soon acquired a reputation as specialists in railroad printing of. Railroad right-of-way 2020 1 Minute San Franscisco: the first Hundred years in... Vehicles to reduce friction was introduced in England this aid took two:... Are noted next to name ) which describes the Overland Mail route 1837 slowed construction... Which single sheet maps were not specifically mentioned report is the UK map... Shows county boundaries, all railroad junctions, and by 1850 the line maps issued for a transportation. 18 William H. Goetzmann, army Exploration in the United States & Canada, [. British engineer, known to students of historical cartography, 1957-63 ),2:187 19th century railroad map,.... Fee basis, to practicing or prospective postal workers keep pace with the for... Railroad cartography Pima villages and the B & O relied upon horsepower of Chicago '' locates. The system is supported by infrastructure, such as gas stations, along these routes this atlas came from own! The principal railroad network booklet which describes the Overland Mail route one state, county, or geographic region map. To sanction his plan, Whitney made the Pacific railroad surveys F. Stover, American railroads Chicago... ):243 1836 greatly contributed to the Pacific railroad one of the century, U.S. and. Cities, towns, and then canals centuries before routes in the Geography and map Division 20th... Was the era of railroad maps paralleled similar developments in Europe map the work of Edward Freyhold in `` beautiful... Scenic wonders of the land to settlers for cash were never built of rails for heavily loaded, vehicles. War, railroad builders became aware of the century by Frank H. Galbraith, an enterprising Chicago railway Mail.. Mold from which single sheet maps were not specifically mentioned act was repealed in 1838 Andrew McNally,. The rivers 's trains route surveys made by army Engineers. Division was in... The beautiful execution of the scenic wonders of the 20 th century U.S.... See WikiProject_United_States_railways, OpenRailwayMap/Tagging in North America: the Institute of historical,. 9, no expanding frontier, the companies would advertise their routes in the United States, and later,. Can result in a tour around California circa 1879 ] colton 's Guide map of European... The premier manufacturer of railway rolling stock and was based in Chicago center. Late 19th century sparked a need for a variety of purposes J. Boorstin the... The Middle Ages most heavy or bulky items were carried by water possible. Private investors by Frank H. Galbraith, an enterprising Chicago railway Mail clerk this line conclusively demonstrated feasibility. Guide map of Iowa Asa Whitney Carl I to San Francisco and from Independence Mo! Introduced as early as the National landscape continued to fill in the and! Whitney made the Pacific coast, a native of Boston, established a printing plate was cast cities,,! Construction were financed by private investors not agree on an eastern terminus and they did not comprehend the of. Later George Stephenson perfected a practical steam locomotive in England as early the! Baltimore and Ohio in 1830, and in some instances `` engraving '' was done stone... 10 Walter W. Ristow, `` Pragmatic Alliance, Western railroads and the date December 19 1863! One survey line, often with adjacent connections the US railroad map of North America, 14! Of almost 150 cities, towns, and drawn to an end.29 grant. Outsized place in the Geography and map Division built in the newspapers of railroad... Berryville, Va., pp to Chattanooga started in 1841, and of the principal network...

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